Bridgnorth Tae Kwon-Do: Required Theory: 2nd Kup: Red Belt to Black Stripe

Alongside your practical martial arts tuition at Bridgnorth Tae Kwon-Do, students are expected to learn theory and this is tested at the end of every grading. The emphasis is on the student to take responsibility for their own learning; but we have provided these theory sheets to assist and we are always happy to help with your learning or any questions you may have. In terms of timing for when is best to start your theory, we would always say ASAP! It is never too early or too late to start – the main thing is to give it your best effort in a way that suits you. Some students have created their own visual aids, drawn pictures, found ways to memorise dates, etc. No doubt you will learn more than the examiner will test you on – please don’t be disheartened by this. Your time spent on theory is never wasted. You need to know this information to perform at the highest level in the class; and you will be tested on all aspects of the syllabus from white belt onwards, during your Black Belt gradings.

(Korean terms are in brackets and italics).           

Significance of Colours on Belts

RED signifies danger, warning the student to exercise self-control and the opponent to stay away.

BLACK is opposite of white, therefore signifies maturity and proficiency in Tae Kwon-Do. It also indicates imperviousness to darkness and fear.


  • Closed ready stance C: (Moa junbi sogi C)
  • Vertical stance: (Soojik sogi)
  • Fixed stance: (Gojung sogi)
  • Palm pushing block: (Sonbadak miro makgi)
  • Low X block: (Najunde kyocha makgi)
  • Upwards punch: (Ollyo jirugi)
  • Side elbow strike: (Yop palkup taerigi)
  • Downward knifehand strike: (naeryo sonkal taerigi)
  • Sliding: (Mikulgi)

Pattern Meaning

Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th Century. This group eventually became the driving force behind the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae Kwon-Do developed into maturity.

*** The GTI Handbook contains more detailed theory information and is available to purchase from your Instructor at Bridgnorth Tae Kwon-Do.

The examiner may ask any question, not limited to those on these pages.

You must ALWAYS revise theory from previous belts.***